Deciding Which – and How Many – Workloads to Containerize
No matter how popular containers become, the reality is that they are going to coexist with virtual machines and bare-metal servers at most organizations. They won’t totally replace older forms of infrastructure. That’s why it’s important to decide how much of your infrastructure to containerize and which parts are the best fit for containers. Here’s a guide to answering those questions.
What to Containerize, What Not to Containerize
Most infrastructures are a complex mix of different hardware components, and they host a diverse set of workloads. Some parts of your infrastructure are a better fit for containers than others.
How do you tell which parts of the infrastructure to containerize, and which to leave as is? Start by considering the following points:
- Persistent data needs. Containers can certainly support persistent data storage. However, stateless applications—that is, those that don’t need persistent data storage—are always more obvious candidates for containerization. The more persistent data you have to store, and the more complex your storage needs are, the more complicated it will be to connect that data to a containerized application in a way that is scalable meets security and access control requirements.
- Workload isolation. Containers provide less isolation between workloads than virtual machines. On the other hand, they provide more isolation than you’d get when you run different workloads side by side on a bare-metal server. When deciding what to containerize, think about which workloads can benefit from some separation, but don’t need the strict isolation provided by virtual machines.
- Scalability. Containers are ideal for building highly scalable infrastructure and applications, because you can spin container instances up and down quickly. If you have workloads that need to scale significantly, containers could be a good fit for them.
- Updates. Containers are also a good fit for applications that need to be updated quickly and continuously. This does not mean that you can’t do continuous updates using other deployment technologies; however, because containers allow you to push out updates quickly and immutably by deploying new container images, they offer a good solution for workloads where fast, reliable updates are a priority.
How Much Should You Containerize?
The extent of your infrastructure that you containerize will vary depending on your needs, of course. The more workloads you have that are a good fit for containers, the more you’ll likely want to containerize.
However, there are other factors to consider when deciding how much to containerize, including:
- How much container expertise does your team have? Do your engineers already know how to deploy Docker and integrate containers into their CI/CD pipeline? Or will you have to hire new admins or retrain your team?
- How open is your container solution? If you use a pure-play platform to deploy containers, you’ll likely be able to adapt as your needs change. But if you go with a heavily proprietary solution, you may want to limit the extent to which you containerize, in case your needs change in the future and migrating to a new container platform proves difficult.
You don’t want to containerize more than you can manage, even if you have the technical means.